Scientific project


HrZZ - IP-2014-09-7515


Holography and interferometry under weak illumination

project leader

Nazif Demoli

associatesHrvoje Skenderović
Davorin Lovrić
Jadranko Gladić
Mario Rakić
Denis Abramović
Mario Stipčević
Ognjen Milat
Mladen Pavičić
Andrej Vidak
Marin Karuza
web page
start date01.05.2015.
end date30.04.2019.
total ammount967.000,00 kn
research areasOptical physics



The primary interest of this project is to advance the use of digital holography and interferometry based systems and techniques under the conditions of weak illumination, as a continuation of recent achievements (N. Demoli, H. Skenderović, and M. Stipčević, Opt. Lett. 39, 5010, 2014). In such conditions, the standard CCD recordings of digital holograms suffer from the lack of information, since they are either obscured by noise or flattened by the bit depth conversion. We have shown that by using a photon counting detector (PCD) instead of a CCD sensor and by employing high dynamic range of the PCD, the original information can be efficiently preserved. We are motivated to extend the previous research to other holography and interferometry techniques as well as to perform contextual experiments and experiments in high-sensitivity interferometry. As a result of this project, the specialized photon counting detectors and direct laser hologram writing technique will be also developed.

Main tasks of the project include:

(i) Investigation of the role of the experimental parameters for recording the time-averaged and pulsed digital holograms under weak illumination. Expected results are: finding the optimum range of main recording parameters (beam ratio, exposure time, SNR, contrast) and experimental limitations due to coupling of various frequences (surface vibrations, laser pulse, repetition rate of PCD).

(ii) Implementation of contextual experiments by means of photon polarization and orbital angular momentum. Expected result is to demonstrate quantum contextuality in a four-dimensional Hilbert space in a new way different from previous.

(iii) Investigation of a quantum effect of a photon buildup in a Fabry-Perot cavity by employing high-sensitivity interferometry. Expected result is to demonstrate that only quantum theory can explain the distribution of events within a given time window.

(iv) Developments of the specialized photon counting detectors and direct laser writing of holograms technique.




M. Stipčević, N. Demoli, H. Skenderović, M. Lončarić, A. Radman, J. Gladić, and D. LovrićEffective procedure for determination of unknown vibration frequency and phase using time-averaged digital holography
Optics Express 25 (9), 10241-10254 (2017)
DOI: 10.1364/OE.25.010241 20170425


N. DemoliTime-averaged holography using Photon-counting approach
in Imaging and Applied Optics 2016, OSA Technical Digest (online), paper DT2E.1 (3pp) (2016)
DOI: 10.1364/DH.2016.DT2E.1 20160701


N. Demoli, H. Skenderović, M. Stipčević, M. PavičićPhoton-counting digital holography
in Proc. SPIE 9890, Optical Micro- and Nanometrology VI, 989003 (6pp) (2016)
DOI: 10.1117/12.2227063 20160503


N. Demoli, H. Skenderović, and M. StipčevićTime-averaged photon-counting digital holography
Opt. Lett. 40, 4245-4248 (2015)
DOI: 10.1364/OL.40.004245 20150908

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