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Scientific project



HrZZ - UIP-2020-02-1732


Boron-based 2D materials

project leader

Marin Petrović

associatesBorna Radatović
Patrick Seleš
Sherif Kamal
start date01.01.2021.
end date31.12.2025.
total ammount1.996.300,00 HRK (260.000,00 EUR)
research areasSolid state physics
Surface physics



Synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) materials and their integration into more complex systems are currently very active fields of scientific research. By stacking high-quality 2D materials into complex heterostructures, it is possible to obtain new systems with improved functionalities, which are often interesting for various applications in technology. The focus of this project is on research of boron-based 2D materials: hexagonal boron nitride (an insulator), BCN alloy (a semiconductor) and borophene (a metal). Goals of the project are synthesis optimization of those materials on low-cost and readily available substrates, development of procedures for their transfer onto arbitrary substrates, and characterization of the corresponding vertical heterostructures. The emphasis is put on achieving and maintaining of high structural quality of 2D materials in all segments of research, which is crucial if one wants to keep their intrinsic properties. In addition, the project will enable construction and characterization of several prototypical devices composed of boron-based 2D materials, allowing for the investigation of their technological potential. 2D materials will be synthesized on metal substrates by utilizing chemical vapor deposition in an ultra-high vacuum chamber that will be acquired within the project. The design of the chamber will allow synthesis of several samples per day, which will ensure a reliable source of high-quality 2D materials indispensable for their thorough research from all aspects, from synthesis and all the way to applications. The initial quality check of 2D materials shall be performed by means of electron diffraction, and further structural analysis and characterization of the electronic structure will be carried out by scanning probe microscopies, scanning electron microscopy and photoelectron spectroscopy.



S. Kamal, I. Seo, P. Bampoulis, M. Jugovac, C. A. Brondin, T. O. Menteş, I. Šarić Janković, A. V. Matetskiy, P. Moras, P. M. Sheverdyaeva, T. Michely, A. Locatelli, Y. Gohda, M. Kralj, and M. PetrovicUnidirectional Nano-modulated Binding and Electron Scattering in Epitaxial Borophene
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 15, 49, 57890–57900 (2023)
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c14884 20231202


K. M. Omambac, M. A. Kriegel, M. Petrović, B. Finke, C. Brand, F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Horn-von HoegenInterplay of Kinetic Limitations and Disintegration: Selective Growth of Hexagonal Boron Nitride and Borophene Monolayers on Metal Substrates
ACS Nano 17, 17946 (2023).
DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.3c04038 20230907


M. Jugovac, I. Cojocariu, C. A. Brondin, A. Crotti, M. Petrović, S. Bonetti, A. Locatelli, T. O. MenteşCoupling Borophene to Graphene in Air-Stable Heterostructures
Advanced Electronic Materials 9, 2300136 (2023)
DOI: 10.1002/aelm.202300136 20230629


Borna Radatović, Valentino Jadriško, Sherif Kamal, Marko Kralj, Dino Novko, Nataša Vujičić, and Marin PetrovićMacroscopic single-phase monolayer borophene on arbitrary substrates
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 14, 18, 21727-21737, (2022)
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.2c03678 20220502


Marin Petrović, Frank J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, Michael Horn-von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, and Michael C TringidesBroad background in electron diffraction of 2D materials as a signature of their superior quality
Nanotechnology 32 505706 (2021)
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/ac244f 20210927

IF Ⓒ 2017